Time Periods Before Votes

 
Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 1:

"[...] during a period set by Congress,

uniform throughout the States,

preceding any vote in an election, appointment or Act."



When are the time periods when this section is active?


A series of public and private votes make up the electoral process.

A vote forming part of an election might be an election, primary, caucus or convention;

 - of an appointment, the Senate’s confirmation vote;

 - of an Act, a subcommittee or committee vote, a full vote, or the President’s “vote” by signature or veto.


The duration of the active periods before each vote will be set by legislation

because flexibility may be needed over generations. 


The period set, or interim period, shouldn't be long even for presidential elections.

30 days before a primary or caucus and 60 days before a general election were used

in the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-155, no longer law but well-researched). 

Thirty to sixty days before a vote is the most effective interim; less for bills.


Timing is a question of scheduling, not prohibition.

Requiring scheduling is not censorship.

Permits already schedule speeches, and contracts schedule publishing.



Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 2:

"The United States will guarantee to every State 

[...] elections[…] proceeding no more than nine months before the election.”


Section 2 works with this section by setting a maximum duration for the electoral process,

which will help Congress plan for the next year. Removing private financing makes this possible.