States may, for example, need to:


  • expand and modernize registration, voter education, notification or voting. They may make these more convenient by adding days, times and more convenient locations; have voter education and registration drives and hotlines; clarify registration forms and increase their availability; or add same-day, absentee or pre-registration, or automatic lifetime registration. They may reduce or remove identification requirements to vote; design ballots and materials to be more competitive, fairer, easier to tally and clearer, in all languages and oral; provide absentee ballots in hospitals, correctional facilities and other facilities; add 'no excuse' absentee ballots or permanent absentee status, or change over to entirely mail-ballot elections, etc. 


  • modernize rolls and update and certify them annually to prevent loss of franchise and guard against voter fraud, but should secure the rolls against any other United States, state or local department without subpoena


  • improve tallying and checking procedures; add 'end-to-end' balloting; install safeguards against loss of ballots including accounting for unused ballots; repair voting machines; reasonably accommodate voting by the elderly or disabled; add poll workers and improve their training; open primaries; add ranking to ballots, make ballots more competitive by allowing only one party line per candidate or by other methods; make campaigns and elections more competitive and equitable by requiring parties to run candidates for judicial or minor offices, by nominating by popular ballot, by reducing candidacy requirements or in other ways


  • make the electoral system easier to understand and use in other ways.​


Making Elections Work



Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 2: "The United States will guarantee to every State fairly contested and impartially conducted elections, monitored and audited. […] The United States and every State will enforce the right of a citizen eighteen years of age or older to vote, not to vote, or to abstain regarding any office or proposal, in United States or State elections." 


Section 2 is about
rights.

No voter should fall through the cracks of an inefficient system. Outdated regulations need to be changed. but amendment is seldom appropriate because the Constitution gives the states authority over the mechanics of elections unless our fundamental principles of governance are involved. How can you tell? If uniformity is important in itself, or when a problem occurs at the national level, principles of governance are in play.


•    Limiting Length of Electoral Periods  
addresses a national problem: elections dragging out longer and longer.

 
•    The Fair Elections Clause  
brings a needed principle of governance into the Constitution. No one would deny that fairness is an American value, or that uncontested elections violate the Guarantee clause.


•    
The Ballot Initiatives  clause doesn’t require them, leaving it to the states. But they’re a growing and very democratic development - about half the states now use them – and where ballot initiatives are used, they must be protected like other electoral rights.


Section 2 brings together several common-sense clauses the American people have tried to place in the Constitution separately. Congress would never go through the Article V amendment process or put the states through the ratification process for them individually, but as a group their benefits are clearly worth it. Legislation should co-fund states' implementation projects for a while to end abridging practices with simplicity, convenience, and organization, and to improve fair contest.


 The government has a greater responsibility than simply not restricting voting. The Guarantee clause requires that the United States makes sure all aspects of the process work, and that both state and United States governments guarantee voting will be made possible (see Balancing Electoral Powers). 


The methods found to reduce abridgment the fastest are early voting, and changing to voting by all mail ballots.
Mail ballots have to be checked for voter fraud but otherwise save money. HEVA, a recent statute, already assists with replacement of voting machines and electronic voting. We must use this clause to press Congress and our states for voter education, and applied civics in schools. Voter education increases voting and needs to be a priority in every state. But federal legislation shouldn't require any particular methods, leaving that to the states.