Article I, Section 2: "The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year

by the People of the several States, and the Electors of each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the more numerous Branch of the State Legislature. No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States,

and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen."

   Amendment XVII: "The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State,

elected by the people thereof, for six years; and each Senator shall have one vote."  

  Article I, Section 3:  "No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years

a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen."

Massachusetts - You should notify your local election officials of your intent to run as a write-in. Check with them for any particular requirements in their jurisdiction. Write-ins must run in the primary. To proceed to the general you must be the top vote-getter and have at least as many votes as signatures would have been needed to have been printed on the ballot. If you win the primary file a written acceptance of the nomination with the Secretary of the Commonwealth within 13 days. Be a sticker candidate! Write-ins or stickers should include the candidate's name and address. These votes are counted for the office where the name is written or the sticker placed. See the site for more information. (

Michigan - File a Write-in Candidate Declaration of Intent with the Michigan Secretary of State; deadline 4PM, (date). (,1607,7-127-13162-25634--,00.html

Minnesota - File a request to have your votes tallied with the Minnesota Secretary of State; deadline (date). (

Mississippi - No special filing requirements or fees. Write-ins are only tabulated if a candidate printed on the ballot dies, resigns, withdraws or is removed. (

(S)Missouri - File a Declaration of Intent to Be a Write-in Candidate with the Missouri Secretary of State; deadline 5PM, (date). (

Montana - File a Declaration of Intent and Oath of Candidacy with the Montana Secretary of State and pay the $1,740 filing fee; deadline, (date). If you're indigent, file an Indigent Declaration of Intent, the Oath of Candidacy and a Petition for Nomination with 10,194 certified signatures for a House seat; deadline, (date). Signers must live and be registered to vote in the relevant district. If you win, file a Declaration of Acceptance. (

Nebraska - File a candidate filing form and pay the filing fee of 1% of the first year's salary, or an affidavit requesting to file in forma pauperis if you're indigent. If you're a registered voter of a party, file to be included on their ballot. If not, file a petition with registered voters' signatures equal to 10% of the number of votes cast for Governor or President at the last election (not to exceed 2,000). Ask the Nebraska Secretary of State for the detailed requirements for petitions. Deadlines: (date) to run on a party ballot in the primary, (date) for the general election, but (date) for write-ins to file a notarized affidavit and the fee with the filing officer. (

(S)Nevada - No write ins. Check their website for the independent process, which is involved, but the filing deadline is (date). (

(S)New Hampshire - No special filing requirements. (  

New Jersey - No write-ins. Independent candidates must file a notarized Oath of Allegiance, a Certificate of Acceptance, a notarized Affidavit of the Circulator and a petition signed by 100 registered voters in the relevant district for a House seat; deadline 4PM, (date). You can make an appointment to file the petition. (

New Mexico - File a Declaration of Intent to be a Write-in Candidate, deadline, (date). (

(S)New York - No filing requirements. (

(S)North Carolina - File a Declaration of Intent and a petition with 500 signatures for a Senate seat or 250 for a House seat,  with the State Board of Elections office. Register a Notice of Intent to Circulate a Petition with the relevant county Board of Elections. Petitions are void one year after signing. Present the petition to the county Board of Elections and get the Chair's certificate before 5PM on (date); then file the petition before noon, (date). No filing fees.(

(S)North Dakota - File a Certificate of Write-in Candidacy and a Statement of Interests with the North Dakota Secretary of State; deadline 4PM, October 18.(    

(S)Ohio - File a Declaration of Intent, form #13A or #13C, with the Office of the Ohio Secretary of State's Elections Division, Columbus, and pay a filing fee of $150 for a Senate seat or $85 for a House seat. If you are indigent file form #3D petition for a Senate seat, with 5,000 signatures; for a House seat it's form #3F, with signatures based on the votes cast in the last election for governor. Deadline 4PM, (date). (

(S)Oklahoma - No write-ins. File a notarized Declaration of Candidacy with the Secretary of the State Elections Board, with a filing fee of $1,000 for a Senate seat or $750 for a House seat, no personal checks or cash, or a petition signed by 4% of the eligible registered voters in the state or district, between April 13 and (date). (

(S)Oregon - File online using ORESTAR. If you win, file a Write-in Candidate Acceptance Form, SEC 141. You may not use your initials. Deadline (date).(

(S)Pennsylvania - No filing requirements. (  

Rhode Island - No filing requirements, but notify the relevant Board of Canvassers of your intention to run a write-in campaign.(

(S)South Carolina- Notify the state or district election commission that you are running as a write-in candidate.(

(S)South Dakota - No write-ins. File nominating petitions with the Secretary of State; deadline (date). Signers must be registered voters in South Dakota and the relevant district. Their names and addresses must also be printed and dated.  (

Tennessee - File a Certificate of Write-in Candidacy with the Tennessee Coordinator of Elections and each relevant county; deadline noon, (date). (

Texas - File a Declaration of Write-in Candidacy with either a filing fee of $3,125 for a House seat or a petition with 500 signatures, with the Texas Secretary of State between July 23 and 5PM, (date). (

(S)Utah - File a declaration of write-in candidacy with the Office of the Utah Lieutenant Governor; deadline, (date). (

(S)Vermont - No filing requirements or filing fee. (

Virginia - No special filing requirements or fees. (

(S)Washington - File a declaration of candidacy with the filing fee of 1% of the relevant salary or a petition with equivalent signatures (ask them for assistance), with the Washington Secretary of State, Elections Division and the Washington Public Disclosure Commission; deadline, (date). A petition must be in substantially the following form: "(FILING FEE PETITION FOR CANDIDATES) We, the undersigned registered voters of (the state of Washington or the district for which the nomination is made) hereby petition that the name of (candidate's name) be printed on the official ballot for the office of (insert office)." Ask the Secretary of State's office if the way you modify this for a write-in candidacy passes muster. Write-in votes are only tabulated if they're enough to be significant.  (  

West Virginia - File a Write-in Candidate's Certificate of Announcement with the West Virginia Secretary of State; deadline (date). No filing fee or signatures required. A list of official write-in candidates is posted in each polling place during early voting and on Election Day (love you, West Virginia!) (

(S)Wisconsin - File a campaign finance statement with the Wisconsin Government Accountability Board; deadline 5PM, (date). (

Wyoming - File an application for candidacy and the filing fee of $200 with the Wyoming Secretary of State. The deadline is two days after the election. Are you feeling lucky? (   

*There are a lot of informative sites on planning and running a campaign, although most also want to sell products. Caveat emptor. Try, and the strategies in Get Involved and Using Ballot Initiatives and Statutes. Incumbents' voting records can be found at, and a series on planning your first campaign is at 

New resources:,,,,

Be Congress | Be a Write-in Candidate



The best way to find a candidate who'll pass reforms?

Run yourself!

 Election Day is November 6, 2018.


​​Do you have experience with the law or community organizing?  

Are you known in your community? 

Do people come to you for help solving problems?

Are you good at negotiation?

Do you keep your head and your values under pressure?

Serve in the U.S. Senate or House of Representatives!

Give 2 to 6 years to your country to pass the reforms we so badly need.

It's a great experience. And who knows? You may decide to stay!

As a nonpartisan write-in candidate, you have nothing to lose. No-cost campaign methods are always available*. 

Campaign as much or as little as you want. 

Your state's website has instructions on how to run as a nonpartisan write-in candidate.

You will have to file with the FEC. Good starting points

The United States Election Assistance Commission ( and the National Association of State Election Directors ( have information on all aspects of running a lawful campaign. State Election Offices are listed at www.ballotpedia.comIf you can't find particular information, e-mail us

Good luck! 

Requirements for Nonpartisan Write-in Candidates:

Campaign finance: State requirements vary, but you will need to file with the FEC (see above). 
Petition circulators: State requirements vary. Check.

(S) indicates one or more Senate seats available in 2016. Whether or not the Supreme Court vacancy is filled, because of the Court's age others may become available during the next administration, and the Senate confirms them.   

It's always a good idea to notify the relevant local Boards of Elections that you are running a write-in campaign, so they'll be sure to have enough staff to hand-count ballots if needed.

Free Congress - Be Congress!

Free Congress - Be Congress!

How to Write In a Candidate

using Electronic Voting

Find & mark the  "Write-in" or "Other"  option.

The machine will then prompt you where to write.

Write as neatly as you can. 

There shouldn't be a problem scanning the card. 

If there is, ask for help

& tell the poll workers you used the write-in option.

Before the election call your county electoral office.

Remind them people will be writing in.

Ask them to make sure those votes are tabulated. 

(S)Alabama - No filing requirements. (  

(S)Alaska - File a Letter of Intent and a Financial Disclosure Statement with the Director of any Division of Elections office; deadline 5PM, (date). (    

(S)Arizona - File a Statement on Recall form and a federal nomination paper including your name, signature, home address (or a description of your place of residence and post office address), age, date of birth, and length of state residency; between (date) and 5PM, (date). ( Check with the Clean Elections Commission: with a petition, an unfinanced candidate may be eligible for some funding (

(S)Arkansas - Write-ins must run in the primary. File a written notice of write-in candidacy with the county board of election commissioners of each county in which you seek election, and with the Secretary of State, no later than 90 days before the general election. Candidates: (

(S)California - Write-ins must run in the primary and be one of the top two vote-getters to run in the general election. Between (date) and (date) file a Statement of Write-in Candidacy containing the following information: your name & complete residence address, a declaration that you are running as a write-in candidate, the office for which you are running, the date of the election, and your 10-year party preference history. Between (date) and (date) circulate nomination papers for signatures within the jurisdiction. For the Senate, you'll need no less than 65 or more than 100 signatures; for the House, no less than 40 or more than 60. Leave these with the county elections official of the county where the signers reside. Signers must be voters in the relevant district or political subdivision. (

(S)Colorado - Publicly announce your intention to run, specifically "my intention to explore the possibility of seeking office", in a speech, ad, or other communication appearing in public media or any place accessible to the public. File an Affidavit of Intent and an audio recording of the correct pronunciation of your name with the Colorado Secretary of State; deadline close of business, (date).(

(S)Connecticut - Register, with the Connecticut Secretary of the State, form 16(ED-622); registration period from (date) to (date). You must run as nonpartisan.(

Delaware - File a Write-in Candidate Declaration with the relevant county's Department of Elections for a House seat; deadline, (date). (

(S)Florida -  File a candidate oath, form D5-DE27A with the Florida Division of Elections between (date) and (date). No filing fee. For a House seat you must live in the district at the time of qualifying. (

(S)Georgia - File a notice of intention of nonpartisan write-in candidacy with the Georgia Secretary of State; deadline, (date). Then publish a notice in a newspaper with general circulation state, and file a copy of the published notice with an affidavit that the notice has been published (filled out by the candidate or the newspaper) with the Georgia Secretary of State; deadline, (date). (

(S)Hawaii - No write-ins. You must run in the primary on (date). File, with the Office of Elections, an Application for a Nomination Paper. Nomination papers must include your ballot name (no more than 27 spaces including spaces and punctuation; no titles), your home address and county, and a sworn certification by self-subscribing oath affirming that you're qualified for the office and that all information provided is true and correct. Nomination papers must be signed by 25 eligible registered voters who state name, home address, date of birth, the last four digits of their Social Security number, and a statement verifying that as a person qualified to vote for you they nominate you for that office. Deadline for the general election is (date). (

(S)Idaho - You must run in the primary on (date) and to advance must receive at least 1,000 votes for a Senate seat or 500 for the House. File a Declaration of Intent form with the Idaho Secretary of State; filing deadline (date) for the general election. (

(S)Illinois - File a notarized Declaration of Intent to be a Write-in Candidate indicating the office sought; deadline (date). (www/

(S)Indiana - File a Declaration of Intent to be a Write-in Candidate (form CAN-3) with the Election Division of the Indiana Secretary of State; deadline noon, (date). For a Senate seat, first file a Statement of Economic Interest with the Indiana Ethics Commission (Office of the Inspector General) and receive a Certificate of Filing; file this with the Election Division to file the other form. (

(S)Iowa - Write-ins must file as an unaffiliated candidate. File an Affidavit of Candidacy and nominating petition with the Iowa Secretary of State; deadline 5PM, (date). A Senate seat requires 1,500 signatures collected from at least 10 counties; a House seat requires 375 from the representative district. Signers don't have to be registered to vote but must be at least 18, US citizens, Iowa residents, competent, and not a felon unless suffrage has been reinstated. Signers must include their addresses (no PO boxes). (

(S)Kansas - No filing requirements. (

(S)Kentucky - File a Declaration of Intent, form SBE/SOS/07 and a $50 filing fee with the Kentucky Secretary of State; deadline 4PM, (date). (

(S)Louisiana - No write-ins. Between (date) and 4:30 PM on (date), file a Notice of Candidacy form and either a $600 filing fee or a nominating petition. The filing fee can't be paid by personal check; it need not be paid by candidates currently serving in the US Armed Forces.  A Senate seat requires 5,000 signatures (at least 500 from each congressional district); a House seat requires 1,000. Signatures may be collected starting (date). Signers must be registered and eligible to vote for the office sought. The Notice of Candidacy form includes your name and home address (with parish, ward or precinct), the office sought, your party affiliation ("no party"), and an affirmation that you're registered in the relevant district, eligible, not currently under an order of imprisonment or disqualified for a felony, have filed (or weren't required to file) state and federal tax returns for the past 5 years; you must acknowledge that you're subject to the Campaign Finance Disclosure Act and owe no fines, fees or penalties and have filed all needed reports; and that you know all pertinent election rules and  laws, especially those prohibiting political campaign signs on public property. You must take an hour of ethics education and training. (

Maine - File a declaration of write-in candidacy with the Maine Secretary of State; deadline 5PM, (date).( Check with the Clean Elections Commission: with a petition, an unfinanced candidate may be eligible for some funding.

(S)Maryland - File a certificate of candidacy with the Maryland State Board of Elections and a financial disclosure form with the Maryland State Ethics Commission. No filing fee. Deadline: either 5PM on (date), or seven days after a total expenditure of at least $51 is made to promote the candidacy by a campaign finance entity. (

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