map with a very gerrymandered district marked in mauve

The most powerful branch of our government, Congress makes the laws and directly represents the people. We designed it to be accountable, even amending to bring the Senate under our direct control.  


But gerrymandering, frozen apportionment and internal rules that let party dominate Congress and the electoral process insulate it from the public's control to a disturbing extent. Not all the campaign finance reform and ballot protections we can make will be enough unless we also repair, restore and safeguard these. And we can hardly expect Congress to address them with statutes!  


Section 3 addresses the vital "other side" of political process reform.


Leashing the Gerrymander



                      Amendment XXVIII (proposed), Section 3:

“A uniform ratio will divide all States to apportion to each State at least one Representative,

      who will represent at least thirty thousand and at most two hundred thousand. 

               Districts will represent economic level and geography,

             but no person’s access to government will be abridged.”

















​​Section 3 is about power. Balancing it for all economic levels. Balancing it for all parties, making voting majorities the only way parties differ in power. Restoring the Constitution’s population-based power in the House without making small states victims of large ones, or small economies victims of powerful corporate interests. Restoring power to all constituents by making members of Congress responsive to their whole state or district instead of just the constituents with the most money. Ending gerrymandering. Ending gridlock. Bringing partisanship back within reason. All of these problems come down to one thing: access to power in Congress. 


Access to Congressional power and campaign finance have become the major determinants of power in state and federal government.


There are three power balances inside Congress:

  • within the Senate
  • within the House
  • and between the House and Senate.


There are also external balances between Congress and: 

  • the states 
  • the courts
  • the Executive
  • and the people.​ 

                                                                                                Power balance.                                                                                            

                                                          It’s what the Constitution was designed to maintain for all of the states,

and all of the people within each state. 

It preserved a balance between money and population. 

But not any more. Throughout our history Congress has repeatedly changed the rules governing access to its power. 

Why does this matter? 

The Constitution’s rules were designed to fit together.

Undermining a clause governing one factor of power will always increase the power of another factor.​​