​​





Amendment XXVIII (proposed), Section 3:
“[…] but no person’s access to government

will be abridged."














This clause details Article IV, Section 2, keeping citizens’ legal privileges and immunities, including within the House and Senate chambers, equal among states, and Amendment XIV’s clause, which prevents abridgment of citizens’ legal privileges or immunities by either states or Congress (“no State shall make or enforce any law” covers both: states also enforce federal laws).


It details the Equal Protection clause because noncitizens are also represented in Congress: districts must have equal power for their nonvoting constituents to have Constitutional protection. For that matter, equal protection includes against hazards like potholes, which affect every person in a jurisdiction including those with no personal representation in Congress. To have equal protection against potholes, everyone who drives through a jurisdiction has the right to that district’s equal power within Congress. 

It also details the Apportionment clause, the Guarantee clause requiring equal ability to self-govern, and Amendment I’s Grievance clause prohibiting abridgment. Abridgment means either reduction or denial while keeping the appearance of a right.

 

Amendment I:

“Congress shall make no law […] abridging

[…] the right of the people […] to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”  




No member of Congress may grant access to themselves only to their own constituents. 

After all, Congressional committees don’t include members from every state, let alone every district, while problems concerning them can happen anywhere. The Equal Privileges and Immunities clause and  Amendment XIV make clear that the people’s right to access to United States government may not be abridged by internal jurisdiction.

The Access clause strengthens those requirements. ​

Party, Access and Power


Congress will have to determine its committee memberships and leadership positions,

which grant power to members,

by methods that don’t allow a district’s economic level to affect how much power that Representative will have. (Rotating positions through the states is one method that would work.)













This directive is specific enough to uphold in court because effects of any rule or policy that abridges someone’s access to government can be shown. This amendment gives the courts a standard to use in judging all divisions of power. 

We agreed in 1787 that access to government would be divided equally (slavery aside; see The Representation Question). That includes everything significant about government. Power is a significant part of government, and derives from the public. Your access to political power may not vary depending on your district. 


To have districts that differ by economic level, we have to balance the relative power of districts inside Congress. We should be doing this anyway. This clause corrects the fact that we haven’t been, in violation of several clauses. 

Article IV, Section 2:

"The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States."  

Amendment XIV, Section 1:

“[…]No State shall make or enforce any law

which shall abridge the privileges or immunities

of citizens of the United States;

[…] nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction

the equal protection of the laws.”