Image, Rose B. Fischer

square star field, white on red with black border

Enforcing Existing

Access Protections

To control partisanship in Congressional administration (see Party, Access and Power) we also have to enforce the protections we already have.

No Congressional rule varying districts’ access to Congressional power (committee membership, etc) by party is valid because Amendment XIV, Section 1 and Article IV, Section 2 require privileges among citizens of all states and among all citizens within states to be equal, including in Congress. So does Article IV, Section 4’s guarantee of a republican form of government, in which each vote must count the same as every other vote.