photo from low angle under dark metal awning of deluxe office building. FBI agents, one in an emblemed t-shirt and beige chinos, others in blue windbreakers with patch on sleeve, carrying boxes and a wide-screen monitor from building, moving left to right. One large balding agent wears sunglasses. At right, back of agent whose windbreaker says FBI in yellow. In the background photographers and palm trees are just visible between them. Sepia toned colors, frame effect to look like video.

We can address corruption and error without violating government officers’ rights.

Image, Joe Skipper

Enforcement and the Rights

of Government Officers


                               Article I, Section 8:

              "The Congress shall [...] make all Laws

                 which shall be necessary and proper

       for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers,

        and all other Powers vested by this Constitution

               in the Government of the United States."

"An officer will be impeached for accepting or soliciting

any private money, present, benefit or promise.

A candidate or officer will forfeit the office for coercion or political fraud,

not excluding by speech or debate on the floor."    

Congress is responsible for passing laws implementing Constitutional provisions, but the text is also the law itself 

and must be enforced by every officer of the United States and every state. Officers vested by the Constitution,

including state officers, must support it when performing offices authorized by it. It

is not subject to any claim of discretion, privilege, immunity, deference, or sovereignty.


These clauses address government corruption and error.

They check and balance areas of common concern in plain language to protect officers’ rights, as well as the people’s,

but legislation will also be needed. 

We will have to take care when enacting, enforcing and adjudicating this amendment

that the Constitutional rights of our government officers are not violated.

But when we authorize government officers to protect the constitutionality of any aspect of the political process

they have to use their power without abusing the public's trust. The law's highest standards must be applied.

The public interest in this should be given precedence in legislation: if delay, for example,

will either violate rights or prevent an expulsion proceeding due to time limit, Congress must drop other business to prevent delay. 

To deter unnecessary proceedings, there should be a penalty for bringing them frivolously.

(See also the Why Pay for Campaigns subsection, Preventing Voter Fraud,

No Penalty or Force and the Disarming Corruption subsection)