Penalizing Political Fraud



Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 5:


"An officer will be impeached or expelled for […] political fraud,

 not excluding by speech or debate on the floor.


 A candidate who knowingly benefits from political fraud […]

 will forfeit the office."       



Amendment XXVIII (proposed), Section 5:


"Titles and descriptions of Acts of the United States and of States

will be true and accurate."


Fraud is committed when money is impacted by false or misleading statements.

Political fraud has evaded prosecution by claiming no financial interest is involved in voting,

which is not accurate (for starters, office-holders' salaries are paid by the public).

Amendment I doesn’t protect fraud.

No one has a Constitutional right to spend their money committing a crime.

Misleading the public by titling or describing Acts of Congress, the Executive, the Judiciary or a state

to create a false appearance of their effect

can expend the public's money on things we never intended to pay for.



 Amendment I:


“Congress shall make no law

  [...] abridging [...] the right of the people […]

          to petition the Government for a redress of grievances.”


Members of Congress can be prosecuted for political fraud. 

The Speech or Debate clause is checked when a law is passed by means of fraud 

because fraud abridges our ability to petition the Government for redress of grievances:

we can’t know we have a grievance when the information provided about the bill is false or misleading.

Speech or debate in Congress can’t be exempt from Amendment I's protection of the right to self-govern.

An immunity, a granted thing, is always checked by abutting an inalienable right.

Article I’s Journals clause and its Statements and Accounts clause,

discussed in this proposal’s Section 1, support this:

the right to self-governance information requires truth and accuracy.

Since false or misleading statements may not be certified or funded in the first place,

precise wording, etc., will be required.

It’s not necessary to prove any effect.

Candidate knowledge of fraud can be made easy to determine.

Since candidates will not want to be accused of knowing of fraud or coercion,

they will be the first to point out inaccuracies. 


Any sacrifice involving an inalienable right such as speech must be seriously considered. 

See The Constitution and Politics, A Bright-Line Rule for Public ConductPreventing Voter Fraud

The Truth and Accuracy Clause and the Enforcement and the Rights of Officers section.