This clause and the prohibition of political fraud will sometimes work together (see Penalizing Political Fraud). False or misleading information on bills already violates Amendment I's Petition clause,
but has never been successfully prosecuted because of an appearance of conflict with the same amendment's protection of freedom of speech. These two clauses will resolve that impression.
This section may also give Congress and the courts an opportunity to address inaccurate and inflammatory language that creates a reaction bypassing the powers of reason, if it affects public money (see Return to the Public Debate). Inflammatory speech can incite discrimination and even violence, and is only partially protected by Amendment I. Policy on demagoguery and ad hominem (personal) attacks will develop over time. The courts will focus on how these affect self-governance.
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