And none of this is necessary. The reasons apportionment was frozen don’t exist anymore (and weren’t good reasons in the first place).
And there’s never a reason for invalid amendment.
If the House wants to stay at 435 they should ask the public for an amendment.
They can't amend the Constitution by statute!
The main reason given for the freeze is manageability. The Constitution was drafted by 55 delegates. 1500 is a lot in comparison. But we should resist confusing manageability with intimacy. It's not necessary for House members to be intimate. More impersonal negotiation keeps the focus on the public's needs, not on maintaining personal relationships or a collegial environment.
Modern communications, transportation and information technology have made management much easier for House leaders than it was in 1929, when few households had a telephone (see Enacting It with Legislation). And we don't know how Congress will function in 200 years. Teleconferencing? The United States wants to have a territory on Mars, possibly in our lifetimes. It'll cost us a lot of money to get them there, so we probably won't want them to be independent of us.
How will they be fairly represented at such a distance (ironic, isn't it*)?
Districting isn’t mentioned in the Constitution,
but is the safe way to balance state sizes in representation.
Two-factor districting cuts across size without preventing urban areas from having their issues addressed in Congress.
It also makes gerrymandering much harder and less rewarding.
More members of course cost more, but effective representation is worth paying for.
The other sacrifice? We'd need a new House chamber. This will also cost money, but it wouldn't mean redesigning the whole Capitol. We don't "keep" Congress in the Capitol for most functions; their offices are in office buildings.
*Since our emigrants would already be U.S. citizens, the United States should prohibit private development until national and/or international governance and representation has been resolved, as the emigrants are likely to be multinational and the Preamble declares the people’s right to ordain and establish government inalienable.
There’s never a reason for invalid amendment. If the House wants to stay at 435 they should ask the public for an amendment.
Image, Larisa Koshkina