Balancing the  Legislative Agenda

Amendment XXVIII (proposed), Section 3:

“Districts will represent economic level and geography,

but no person’s access to government will be abridged.”

States, counties, cities, and neighborhoods vary in party affiliation as well as in economic levels, which affects the legislative agenda tidally. When the dominant party determines Congressional committee membership and leadership, and when they can write Congress' rules to create ever more partisan conditions inside Congress, partisan priorities sweep in and out with each election. This has grown more and more obstructionist over time. Blocking each other has gradually become automatic, and now gridlock is becoming a normal state of affairs.

By assuring equal access to government, the Access clause coordinates with public campaign finance and electoral protections to put an end to this. 

Nowhere does the Constitution establish a two-party system, or divide power in Congress by majority and minority party. The two major parties try very hard to make us forget this. We usually have a few members from other parties, which confuses the majority-minority idea. The Access clause addresses this division.

Removing the partisan power imbalance within Congress does more to curb partisanship than any other reform ever proposed.

In late 2015 some Representatives, possibly inspired by this amendment, tried to make House power-sharing a little more democratic but didn't get very far. It has to come from the people to be a mandate. The Access clause can also be used with the Direction clause (see Restricting Lobbying) to shut down attempts to corrupt Congressional staff.

This amendment originally included a provision making political affiliation another parameter of districting. In countries with that system representation better reflects the population by default, forcing more coalitions across parties, but it would be a tremendous change for us. Besides, our parties’ platforms have become so confused it might not be worth it.

Enforcing balance inside Congress has been difficult. This clause addresses it directly, and the amendment makes all methods of enforcement easier (see Congressional Rules and the Courts, Impartial Granting, The Impartiality Clause and Enforcement and the Rights of Officers).


Removing the partisan power imbalance within Congress will do more to curb partisanship than any other reform ever proposed.