​​

Only the Constitution can

set national policy
governing legislation and rulings to restrain government action
or the conduct of government officers.


Section 5 is about enforcement

 

Just as the most important clause in the Constitution is the first one,
the most important clause in this amendment is the first one. 

“The people of the United States
will ordain and establish United States government
under this Constitution,” (Section 1)

means that nothing can come between the people and the Constitution 

when we are ordaining and establishing our government.
It establishes the fundamental principle for this aspect of law and government.

The Direction clause tells us how this principle will apply.  

It restricts the power to direct United States officers’ work
to the people of the United States

It removes the possibility that private conduct will direct 
the way any government decision is made or any government action is done.
It is the provision we must put in place for political reforms to succeed.

It consists with Congress’ privilege to make its own rules 
and the President’s privilege to govern the administration 
(the judiciary is governed by Congress). 



Article I, Section 5:

“Each House may determine the Rules of its Proceedings,”

Article II, Section I:

“The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States […]”  

Article II, Section 3:

“[S/H]e shall take Care that the Laws be faithfully executed,

and shall Commission all the Officers of the United States.”



The Direction clause consists with these clauses because it's a rule: 
a rule defining how rules can be made

and how they can be applied, 
not a redelegation of the power to make them. 
The Framers delegated these powers to Congress and the President, 
and the Direction clause doesn't change that. 



Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 5: 
"An officer will be expelled or impeached

for accepting or soliciting
any private money, present, benefit or promise, […]”

The Solicitation clause (see Money! Presents! Benefits! Promises!)
prohibits officers' soliciting or accepting
anything they wouldn't have been offered as private citizens.
These two clauses can be used together or separately.
This will prevent a gradual erosion of their meanings. 

Section 1's opening clause also includes politics.
Government isn't just the conduct of offices held.
It includes the political campaigning that surrounds elections, appointments
and the passage of federal statutes.

Amendment XXVIII (proposed), Section 1: 
“The people of the United States
will ordain and establish United States government 
under this Constitution, [...]"

Together, these clauses establish a complete Constitutional provision
that will serve the American people for all time. 


This amendment is the only proposed measure as of 2016 that penalizes political fraud or coercion,

or that mandates political integrity (see Statute vs Constitutional Amendment). The following pages discuss Section 5 in detail.

Image, 2000273, pixabay.com

   Fighting Corruption

mottled concrete with diagonal yellow and black hazard stripes
​​Amendment XXVIII, (proposed), Section 5: ​

“The United States will fund the direction of exercise of its offices. 

An officer will be expelled or impeached for accepting or soliciting
any private money, present, benefit or promise, 

or for coercion or political fraud, not excluding by speech or debate on the floor. 

A candidate who knowingly benefits
from political fraud, coercion or bribery
will forfeit the office. […]​​
​​

How do you fight corruption? Take away its weapons.