US Bills

New! We've expanded the Impartial Elections Act!


The Impartial Elections Act

SECTION 1. 
To bring United States primary and general elections into compliance with the United States Constitution’s We the People clause, the Justice clause, Article I, §2’s Chosen by the People clause, Article I, §4’s Alteration clause, Article II, §1’s Appointment of Electors clause, Article IV, §4’s Guarantee clause, Amendment XIV’s Equal Protection and Right to Vote clauses, Amendment XVII’s Elected by the People clause and Amendment XXIV’s Primaries clause, they will be held impartially by each state, will be open to all voters, will equally accommodate all candidates including independent and write-in candidates, and in no statute, rule or practice will discriminate on the basis of interest or membership in an interest group, coalition, or political party.

Candidates will qualify for ballot lines by petition signed by a number of eligible voters in accordance with the laws of each state. An interest group, coalition, or political party may endorse candidates but will not nominate candidates. Ballots will provide a blank line for writing in a selection for each office in contention, including for each Electoral College elector. No candidate will hold more than one ballot line.

§2. 
In compliance with Article II, §1’s Time of Chusing clause, each  state’s Electoral College Electors for President and Vice President of the United States will be nominated during its United States congressional primary elections, and elected during its United States congressional general elections. Electoral College electors will not be obliged to vote for a party or candidate. In compliance with Article I, §4’s Alteration clause, ballots will list each candidate, state the state’s number of electors, and instruct voters to select that number from the candidates listed or write in their selections. 

In compliance with the above Articles and Amendments each state’s ballot lines for United States offices will be determined by nomination at primary elections held during its congressional primary elections. Each state’s eligible voters may state preferences for the offices of President and Vice President separately during its United States congressional primary and general elections. 

§3.
Voting is a discretionary act.
In compliance with the Right to Vote clauses, the United States and every state will enforce the right of a citizen eighteen years of age to vote freely, not to vote, or to abstain regarding any office in United States or state elections, or any proposal in state elections.

§4.
To bring United States primary and general elections into compliance with Article 4, §4’s Guarantee clause and with Amendment I’s Petition clause, the United States and every state will guarantee safe, public, competitive, efficient and accurate elections. Any form of immunity is waived for both the United States and every state.
Abuse of any position in electoral process for any purpose, by a holder of federal, state or local office, a staffer, an employee or a private contractor for any part of electoral process, will be punishable by up to ten years in prison, in addition to any penalties for related charges. No form of immunity will affect civil or criminal liability. In addition, a winning candidate who benefits from such abuse will forfeit the office. 



New bill!

RepairRestoreSafeguard announces a new model statute: The Chapter 115 Restoration Act.
Most of the listings here only show a bill's active text, but the following is a rough draft of the new bill in its entirety.

We invite your questions and comments. These can be posted on our Facebook page or on Twitter.


The Chapter 115 Restoration Act

AN ACT TO RESTORE COMPLIANCE WITH ARTICLE I, § 5 AND ARTICLE III, § 3 OF THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES, AND WITH ITS AMENDMENTS I, IV, V, AND XIV, TO CHAPTER 115 OF TITLE 18 OF THE UNITED STATES CODE
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled,

SECTION 1. Title. 
This Act will be titled An Act to Restore Compliance with Article I, §5 and Article III, §3 of the Constitution of the United States, and with its Amendments I, IV, V, and XIV, to Chapter 115 of Title 18 of the United States Code. 

§2. Short title.
THE CHAPTER 115 RESTORATION ACT
This Act may be cited as “The Chapter 115 Restoration Act.”

§3. Findings and Purposes.
Restoring compliance with Article I, §5 and Article III, §3 of the Constitution, and with its Amendments I, IV, V, and XIV, to Chapter 115 of Title 18 of the United States Code is a constitutionally mandated task. Statutes that violate these clauses also violate related clauses. This Act’s primary purpose is to clarify what Article I, §5, Amendment XIV, §§ 2 and 3, and Article III, §3 express, to enact the Constitution’s requirements for their use and to cure defects. 

First, to review history. In 1861 11 states seceded and recalled their senators. 10 withdrew. One supported the Union and continued to serve. 11 others, believing the Constitution upheld secession, simply left. Congress held vacant the seats from states that had seceded until readmission, under Article I, §5. Only the 11 who failed to withdraw were finally expelled.

Next, to review the text. Article I, §5 expresses that if conduct does not rise to the level of impeachment or even expulsion either house of Congress may sanction its members or expel them. But this power is hemmed in by the people’s right to representation. Sanctions may not abridge a state’s or district’s right to representation. Fines can be imposed. The greatest sanction imposed is stripping the member of committee leadership. An elected representative can’t be barred from representing their constituents.

Amendment XIV, §2 says “the basis of representation therein shall be reduced” for only one reason, abridgment or denial of the vote. It does not say representatives may be elected but not seated. It states that there will be no House representation at all for the affected districts, (or in the alternative, reduced representation for that state as a whole, by redistricting it into fewer but larger districts) until the defect is cured. It is unique, the only clause in the Constitution that punishes a people. A people is a civic unit, as a state or district. The clause vests in the people an enforceable civic responsibility for maintaining the vote. 

Its §3 is not a nonseating provision either. It sets a standard for impeachment and conviction. It does not allow reducing any state’s or district’s representation. It addresses violations by government officers, not by the people. It applies to any officer of state or federal government, and expressly includes legislators, the military and Electoral College Electors as officers.

Article III, §3’s definition of treason is narrow: levying war against the US, or adhering to our enemies, giving them aid and comfort. It expressly requires an overt act (with two witnesses unless the traitor confesses in open court). Short of an act of war, the right to rebel against government is protected.

Title 18 of the US Code criminalizes related acts. 1751 covers killing, assaulting or kidnapping a president or acting president; 351 if it’s a member of Congress, the cabinet or the judiciary. 871 covers threatening a president. Terrorism is covered in Chapter 13B. And coup is encoded in the USMC. Chapter 115 may not duplicate these. 

Now we can consider 18 USC Chapter 115. 

18 USC 2381 and 2382 criminalize treason and misprision of treason.

18 USC 2383 violates the We the People clause, among others, by criminalizing rebellion against the government that does not meet the standard of treason expressed in Article III, §3.

First it invalidly punishes rebellion against “the authority of the United States.” Authority is an unconstitutional basis for statute because the people author all government in the United States.

Amendment XIV §3 only allows punishing rebellion or insurrection against the Constitution itself. The definition of rebellion or insurrection is “the violation of a lawful command.” 2383 violates the text by saying “whoever,” not “any person sworn or affirmed to the Constitution who.” The section can’t be used against laymen because while the Constitution establishes numerous crimes (such as piracy and counterfeiting), its only affirmative commands are to government. §3’s only lawful use is impeachment including loss of eligibility for future office, and possibly a fine. It is not in itself a crime. 

Because Article VI requires an oath to support the Constitution and identifies US laws as made in Pursuance thereof §3 also mandates impeachment for rebellions against US laws.
18 USC 2384 violates multiple clauses. It has no content that does not violate and can only be repealed. 

It conflates two offenses. 

One of these, criminal conspiracy, is covered in another chapter of the Code, so 18 USC 2384 would be needlessly duplicative except that the statute establishes a new offense within the ambit of criminal conspiracy. But the Constitution does not allow criminalizing that conduct. 

The Supreme Court correctly held in Brandenburg v Ohio, 395 US 444 (1969) that while certain kinds of speech can be considered “speech conduct” for certain statutes, and speech that incites action can be considered the speech conduct of “incitement,” incitement that falls short of inciting “imminent lawless action” remains an inalienable speech right protected by Amendment I’s Speech clause.

The courts have long held that to conspire to overthrow, put down, or destroy by force the government of the US, and so on, is lawful under the We the People clause because to conspire falls short of the standard of conduct required for treason, whose definition expressly requires an “overt act.” Speech conduct can only be criminal where law does not require an act. 

The other offense, treason, is defined in Article III, §3 and in 18 USC 2381 and 2382 so 18 USC 2384 would also be needlessly duplicative, except that it establishes a lesser charge of “seditious conspiracy” in an apparent attempt to evade Article III, §3’s limitations. This Congress may not do. 

The statute redefines treason as sedition to broaden it beyond what the text allows, in two ways. 

Sedition or subversive activity is “speech or conduct that incites people to rebel against a government or authority.” Since except for treason or rebelling against the Constitution, rebellion per se is protected and speech conduct does not rise to the treason standard, the possible sedition or subversive activity not covered in 2387 is incitement by a civilian government officer of other officers to imminently violate 2383; and since this violates 2383 itself and cannot exist independently a separate section is duplicative. Incitement to commit related crimes is covered in other sections of the Code (see 18 USC 2101, 2102). 

And even with a concrete action that uses force, to “prevent, hinder, or delay the execution” of ANY law of the US is not treason. That would make every federal felony or misdemeanor also treason by only adding any kind of force. The courts have long held that the only federal statutes to which treason can be relevant are those that enable government to function, such as revenue laws. Conspiring to do so doesn’t give legislators a free hand to create a whole new standard exceeding textual limitations. To clarify the purpose of criminalization, this should be included in 2381. Nor will any force do. 2384 is overly broad on that as well. Force must rise to the level of an act of war.  

18 USC 2384’s final clause, criminalizing “by force to seize, take, or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof,” is duplicative because the Code already criminalizes robbery. The identity of the victim may not affect the degree of an offense, let alone establish a separate offense. No victim gets their own statute, not even the government. It violates Amendment XIV, §1’s Equal Protection clause. 

Knowing all the preceding, it should be easy to see how 18 USC 2385 violates the same clauses. 

18 USC 2386 violates the text by requiring some organizations to register with the Attorney General, in violation of Amendments IV and V. Only a warrant issued by a court upon evidence of probable cause authorizes government to search or seize laymen, and the public can’t be commanded to aid the government in obtaining probable cause. The Department of Justice must do its own job. 

18 USC 2387 is constitutional for the most part. But the second clause of section 1 criminalizes trying to reduce military “loyalty” or “morale.” The Constitution does not and indeed can-not require troops to feel specific emotions. Many feel neither but serve perfectly well without them. And reducing military discipline by speech is impossible. Military discipline is instilled by drills to make it in part a physical rather than merely a mental response. For the same reason the word “disloyalty” must be removed from 18 USC 2388 section 1.

To bring it into compliance with Amendment I the word “imminently” should be added.

18 USC 2389 and 2390 attempt an end run around the Treason clause’s expressed limitations by making enlistment a concrete action in itself. But because the Court has already ruled against that in other contexts, victims can bring a case for its review. This Act should not address it until then. 

§4. Repeals and amendments.
a. The title of Chapter 115 is amended as follows.
The words “Sedition and Subversive Activity” is removed from the title of Chapter 115. The words “, and Rebellion or Insurrection against the Constitution” are inserted after the word “Treason”. Chapter 115 of Title 18 of the United States Code is titled “Treason, and Rebellion and Insurrection against the Constitution”. 

b. 18 USC 2381 is amended as follows:
   1. The words “may be imprisoned for a term of life; and shall be” are added after the words “five years and”.
   2. The words “Whoever prevents, hinders, or delays the execution of any United States law that enables the functioning of government, or gives aid and comfort thereto, is guilty of treason in the second degree and shall be fined under this title and imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.” are added after the words “under the United States”.   
   3. 18 USC 2381 reads in its entirety “Whoever, owing allegiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort within the United States or elsewhere, is guilty of treason and shall suffer death, or shall be imprisoned not less than five years and may be imprisoned for a term of life; and shall be fined under this title not less than $10,000; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States. Whoever prevents, hinders, or delays the execution of any United States law that enables the functioning of government, or gives aid and comfort thereto, is guilty of treason in the second degree and shall be fined under this title and imprisoned not more than ten years, or both; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.”   
c. 18 USC 2383 is amended as follows:
   1. The word “whoever” is struck from 18 USC 2383, and is replaced by the insertion of the words “any person sworn or affirmed to the Constitution who”.
   2. The words “the authority of the United States” are struck, and are replaced by the insertion of the words “the Constitution of the United States”.
   3. The words “or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both” are struck.
  4. 18 USC 2383 reads in its entirety “Any person sworn or affirmed to the Constitution who incites, sets on foot, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the Constitution of the United States or the laws thereof, or gives aid or comfort thereto, shall be fined under this title; and shall be incapable of holding any office under the United States.”
c. 18 USC 2384 is repealed in its entirety.
d. 18 USC 2385 is repealed in its entirety.
e. 18 USC 2386 is repealed in its entirety.
f. 18 USC 2387 is amended as follows:
   1. In subsection (a) the words “the loyalty, morale or discipline of” are struck. The word “imminently” is added before the word “interfere”.  
   2. In subsection (a)(1) the word “disloyalty” is struck.
   3. In subsection (a)(2) the word “disloyalty” is struck.
   4. Subsection (a) of 18 USC 2387 reads in its entirety:
“Whoever, with intent to imminently interfere with, impair, or influence the military or naval forces of the United States
     1. advises, counsels, urges, or in any manner causes or at-tempts to cause insubordination, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States; or
    2. distributes or attempts to distribute any written or printed matter which advises, counsels, or urges insubordination, mutiny, or refusal of duty by any member of the military or naval forces of the United States –
Shall be fined under this title or imprisoned not more than ten years, or both, and shall be ineligible for employment by the United States or any department or agency thereof, for the five years next following his conviction.”
g. 18 UC 2388 is amended as follows:
In subsection (a) the word “disloyalty” is struck. 

§ 5. Definitions.
a. For the purpose of this Act rebellion against the Constitution will be defined as an act by or including any person sworn or affirmed to support the United States Constitution that knowingly:
fails to carry out a constitutional mandate; or
   1. reduces or defeats the ability of a United States office to carry out a constitutional mandate; or
   2. reduces or defeats the ability of a United States office to carry out a Preambular purpose.
b. Article I, §5 empowers either house of Congress to sanction members. Sanctions may not reduce a state’s or district’s fundamental right to representation. Amendment XIV contains no nonseating clauses: Its §2 addresses reduction of representation, and its §3 addresses impeachment.

§ 6. Effective date.
This Act will take effect immediately upon passage and signature.

§ 7. Saving clause. 
This Act affects rights and duties that matured, penalties that were incurred, and proceedings that were begun, before its effective date. 

§ 8. Severability clause. 
If a part of this Act is invalid, all valid parts that are severable from the invalid part remain in effect. If a part of this Act is invalid in one or more of its applications, the part remains in effect in all valid applications that are severable from the invalid ones. 

END



The Appointments and Staffing Act 

SECTION 1. 

a. Congressional staffers will be chosen by merit in a nonpartisan competitive process and may unionize. 
b. Congressional staffers will convey all matters raised by the public to the member of Congress under whom they serve.

§2. 
To necessarily and properly amend the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978, Pub L 95-454 (1978) in conformance with Article I, §8, the Article II, §2 powers of Appointment and of Advice and Consent to Appointment to any position listed in Pub L 95-454 (1978) are hereby established as exercisable only in a manner consistent with the Equal Protection clause of Amendment XIV, §1, with Amendment I’s Assembly clause, with the Compensation clauses of Article II, §1 and Article I, §6, and with the Preambular requirement to exercise government power in a way that establishes justice. To consist with such clauses and to promote the efficient and effective exercise of government, such powers will be exercised in this manner:

a. The President or President-elect will not unnecessarily delay opening applications and will, in all cases except an officer’s sudden death, open applications prior to vacancy. Because refusal to nominate or appoint constitutes rebellion or insurrection against the Constitution’s text, failure to open applications within 30 days of vacancy except in a state of emergency will be impeachable for removal.

b. The President will first review applications from the twenty highest-ranking officers currently serving in the relevant department, agency, bureau, level of the courts, or other office, who have served in the relevant office for a minimum of ten years. 

c. Should all of the preceding officers fail to qualify or choose not to apply within the next 30 days, application will be opened to all currently serving officers who have served in the relevant department, agency, bureau or other office for a minimum of five years.

d. Should all the preceding officers fail to qualify or choose not to apply within the next 30 days, application will be opened to all applicants.

e. The President will provide all applicants, in writing, with the reasons for their failure to qualify.

f. No person will bind the President to any applicant or group of applicants. Party affiliation or other association will not be a factor in appointments. 

g. The Senate will not unnecessarily delay hearings or confirmation.

h. The Senate will consider each nominee as a separate nominee. 

§3.

Any person who violates this Act will be fined not more than $10,000 and may be punished by not more than one year in prison. Any offices taken by violation of this Act will be forfeited. The House will investigate within ninety days unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any violation, except those involving possible treason, for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest. 


The Balancing Power in Congress Act 

To bring the United States into compliance with Article I’s Apportionment clause, Article IV’s Guarantee and Privileges and Immunities clauses, with Amendment XIV’s Apportionment, Privileges or Immunities, and Equal Protection clauses, and with Amendment XVII’s Two Senators clause, no person’s access to government will be abridged by Congress’ divisions of power or of access.


The Budgeting and Execution Act 

SECTION 1. 
To bring the United States into compliance with Article I, §1’s Legislative Powers clause and with Article I, §8’s Necessary and Proper clauses, prior to making the national budget Congress will determine all United States executive and judicial budgeting needs as well as its own. Once the budget has been signed the rates of taxation will be set. The total anticipated annual revenue will fully cover the annual budget. Neither the budget nor the rates of taxation will be altered unless the United States is invaded.

§2. 
The United States budget and rates of taxation will cover a minimum of one year at a time and will be passed and signed no later than one year prior to the beginning of the period covered or Congress will remain in session and all members prohibited from leaving the Capitol until it has been passed and signed unless the Capitol is invaded or rendered uninhabitable.  

§3. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Article I, §1’s Legislative Powers clause, with Article I, §8’s Necessary and Proper clause, with Article I, §7’s Revenue clause, with Article I, §7’s It Shall Be a Law clause, and with Article VI’s Supremacy clause, only Article I legislative process will allocate United States funds. All bills, orders, resolutions, treaties, or votes requiring allocation of funds will specify the amounts of such allocations and the time periods in which they will be spent. Allocated funds will be spent as stated, without discretion. No law but a repeal will defund an existing law. No law will defund a part of an existing law without expressly revoking that part.

§4.  
No text will be added to or removed from a passed bill except by repeal or by passed and signed amendment. Neither the passage nor the signing of a law will be revoked unless the law is repealed. The signing of a treaty will not be revoked by a President without the advice and consent of the Senate. Neither Congress, nor the Executive, nor any State will refuse to fund or execute all or part of a United States law or treaty unless repealed, revoked or found unconstitutional by the Supreme Court. When a Court finds text unconstitutional it will notify Congress.

§5.
The House will investigate within ninety days unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any violation, except those involving possible treason, for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest. 



The Campaign Duration Act 

In United States and State elections, candidacy will be announced no sooner than nine months before the general vote. Campaigning and where applicable fundraising will commence no longer than nine months before the general vote, and no longer than three months before primary votes. 

three months before primary votes.



The Campaign Funding Act

SECTION 1.
To bring the United States into compliance with: Article I, §2’s Apportionment and Chosen by the People clauses, Article IV, §2’s Privileges and Immunities clause, Article IV, §4’s Guarantee clause, Amendment I’s Speech clause, Amendment XIV’s Privileges or Immunities and Equal Protection clauses, and Amendment XVII’s Two Senators clause, no private money will be used in campaigns for United States offices.

§2.
To fund and certify United States campaigns, Congress will annually appropriate between one hundredth’s-part and five hundredths’-parts of one percent of gross domestic product. In public view, Congress will first allocate in a uniform amount to each candidate registered with the Federal Election Commission but when repeating allocations will consider time, place and manner of speech, including repetition. Such allocations will fund all candidate speech and all candidate support and opposition, including signature drive, and these included in other promotion. Unspent campaign funds after the election will be returned to the budget. No tax, credit or obligation will be affected for provision of campaign speech.



The Congressional Financial Integrity Act

A member of Congress or congressional staffer who sits on a committee wherein they have a financial interest or within the past three years any connection, not excluding contractual connection, or wherein their spouse, parent, sibling or child has a financial interest or any current connection, will be fined $10,000 and may forfeit offices held. 


The Ending Citizens United Act.

SECTION 1.
Judicial Rules.

a. To bring the United States and every State into compliance with the Justice clause and Article III, §1 of the United States Constitution, only text intentionally included in an opinion of the United States Supreme Court, by a Justice of that Court authorized by it to do so, will have adjudicative, precedential or other value as an opinion or constitutional interpretation of the United States Supreme Court.

b. Neither the United States nor any State will recognize a status, right, liberty, power, privilege, immunity, or obligation established by a decision of a United States Court if that establishment relied on text that no Judge or Justice of that Court intentionally included in that opinion, or on any point that the majority did not vote to make.

c. All Judges or Justices who join in an opinion will sign a list of points, to be appended to the publicly issued opinion.

§ 2.

a. To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Article I, §2, Article II, §1, Article VI, and Amendments XIII, XIV, §1, and XVII, property will not have personhood or any personhood right, liberty, power, privilege, or immunity.

b. No branch or level of government within the jurisdiction of the United States will confer personhood or its rights. Private property will not exercise any right, liberty, power, or immunity. Privileges may be granted to property but will not have the legal force of rights, liberties, powers or imunities.

c. When persons assert any right, liberty, power, privilege or immunity as a group, this will not double those persons’ rights, powers, privileges or immunities.

d. Any previous such conferral or such exercise, or state or United States action based on it, is void as a violation of the above constitutional text.


The Enforcement of the Franchise Act 

SECTION 1. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Article IV, §4’s Guarantee clause and with Amendment XIV, §2’s Right to Vote clause, both Congress and the state legislatures will address abridgment or denial of the vote as follows.

§2. Congress. 
a. When the basis of representation in Congress must be reduced due to denial or abridgment of the vote at any election for the choice of Electors for President and Vice President of the United States, or Representatives in Congress, the affected State’s total number of Representatives in the House will be reduced for the following election in the proportion which the number of affected citizens bears to the whole number of citizens eighteen years of age in that State.

b. To prevent loss of representation, the affected State will be redistricted in fewer, larger districts that may for that term exceed the ratio in use for apportionment. In odd-numbered terms of Congress, Representatives will be seated starting from the beginning of the alphabet. In even-numbered terms of Congress, Representatives will be seated starting from the end of the alphabet.

c. Relevant elections will be audited. When the denial or abridgment has been corrected, full apportionment will be restored for the following election.

§3.  State Legislatures. 
a. When the basis of representation in a State’s Legislature must be reduced due to denial or abridgment or the vote at any election for the Executive and Judicial officers of a State or the members of the Legislature thereof, the total number of representatives in the affected State’s Legislature for the next election will be reduced in the proportion which the number of affected citizens bears to the whole number of citizens eighteen years of age in that State. 

b. To prevent loss of representation, the affected State will be redistricted in fewer, larger districts that may for that term exceed the ratio in use for apportionment, and each State will determine a fair method for determining which Representatives will be seated.

c. Relevant elections will be audited. When the denial or abridgment has been corrected, full apportionment will be restored for the following election.

§4. 
No provision of this Act will prevent any civil or criminal prosecution or will prejudice any person’s right to other legal action. 


The Executive Powers Act 

SECTION 1. 
To bring executive action into compliance with Articles I, II, III, and VI, and with Amendments IX and X, unilateral Presidential action must meet these standards:

a. It preserves, protects and defends the Constitution of the United States and complies with United States law and treaties, without amending any of these or reducing their applicability or enforceability.

b. It does not impact the rights, liberties, powers, privileges or immunities of any person or grant any right, liberty, power, privilege or immunity.

c. It is subject to judicial review.

d. It is limited to the enumerated Presidential powers, and acts within their textual limitations:
   1. signing or vetoing bills.
   2. nominating, appointing, and commissioning officers with the advice and consent of the Senate.
   3. commanding the military and militias once in the actual service of the United States.
   4. requiring the opinion of the principal officer in any Executive department.
   5. granting United States reprieves and pardons, except in cases of impeachment.
   6. making treaties with the advice and consent of the Senate.
   7. temporarily filling vacancies that occur while the Senate isn’t in session.
   8. giving State of the Union addresses.
   9. recommending measures to Congress for their consideration.
   10. calling Congress into emergency session or adjourning them.
   11. sending and receiving ambassadors and other public ministers.
   12. taking care that the laws are faithfully executed.

§2.  
To consist with Article II, §3’s Extraordinary Occasions clause a national emergency is defined in part by Congress’ not sitting in session and ends when it convenes. During a national emergency, after first calling Congress into extraordinary session, the President may take unilateral unenumerated action to safeguard national unity, justice, domestic peace, defense, the general welfare, or liberty if it will resolve or stabilize an emergency. Any action under this exception must consist with the Constitution and will expire when Congress convenes. 

§3.  
No executive department may do anything that the President may not do. 

§4.  
To bring the United States into compliance with Amendment XXV, the standard of medical inability to discharge the powers and duties of the office of the President will rely on those used judicially to determine either (a) inability to sign a contract and be bound by its terms; or (b) inability to participate in one’s own defense. This will not prevent assignment of the powers and duties of the office to the Vice President when a compelling case exists of inability that is not medical, such as imprisonment of the President.

§5. 
Actions that violate this Act will be void. Persistent and substantial violation of this Act to the people’s detriment may result in forfeiture of office. The House will investigate within ninety days unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any violation except those involving possible treason.

§6. 
This Act repeals any provision that violates it in any Act, rule, policy, executive action, or practice.


The Fair Apportionment Act 

SECTION 1. 
Representatives will be apportioned among the States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, then dividing by the same ratio for all States. Dual citizens of Native nations will be counted but not taxed. The ratio will not apportion more than one for thirty thousand or fewer than two in the least populous state. 

§2. 
To bring apportionment into compliance with Article I, §2’s Apportionment clause as amended by Amendment XIV, §2, each State’s Representatives will be apportioned publicly, impartially and fairly. Districts will use geography and economic level as factors, without abridging any person’s access to government. 


The Fairness in Broadcasting Act

SECTION 1. 
All licensees will broadcast viewpoints regarding current controversies of public importance at least once a week. These may be in the form of investigative reports, discussions, paid advertising, or unpaid editorials.

§2. 
In doing so, the licensee will affirmatively endeavor to make its facilities available for the expression of contrasting viewpoints held by responsible persons with respect to the controversial issues presented but need not seek out such persons. No licensee who airs an investigative report, discussion, or editorial presenting one view regarding a controversy will refuse to air a contrasting view by a responsible person at no charge.

§3. 
No licensee who sells advertising regarding a controversy will refuse to sell comparable exposure at a comparable price to persons with contrasting views. A licensee who sells advertising regarding a controversy will facilitate the purchase of advertising by persons with contrasting views or the securing of airtime for unpaid editorials by persons with contrasting views but need not seek out such persons.

§4. 
A current controversy of public importance will be determined by:
a. a period of public comment on an impending bill, regulation, or court decision.
b. advertising sold regarding a controversy.
c. requests for editorial time by a person potentially affected by a controversy.
d. requests for editorial time by a person credentialed or licensed in a field relevant to a controversy.
e. requests, questions, or comments conveyed to the licensee by the public.
f. advertising or editorial speech by a competing licensee or in other media.
g. personal views that the licensee wishes to express.

§5. 
When personal attacks are made on persons involved in public issues, the licensee will, within one week, notify the person attacked, provide them with a copy of the broadcast, and allow them an opportunity to respond over the broadcaster’s facilities.

§6. 
All licensees will maintain and publicly post current and accurate schedules of when such viewpoints will be aired and will provide these to the FCC at least two weeks in advance. The FCC will maintain and publicly post a current and accurate master schedule including all licensees’ schedules. 

§7. 
Licenses will be for one broadcast outlet. No licensee will hold more than one license.


The Federal Reserve Bank Conduct and Oversight Act

SECTION 1. 
These provisions will supplement existing regulations.

§2. 
a. The Federal Reserve Bank is and will remain a public institution for all purposes of law. All actions will be subject to congressional oversight and to the Freedom of Information Act. Its appointed officers will be subject to all impeachment clauses of the Constitution of the United States. 

b. The Secretary of the Treasury will have no interest in or connection to any charter holder in the Federal Reserve system. The Federal Reserve Board of Governors will be chaired by the Secretary of the Treasury. The Board will include a majority of economists with no interest in or connection to any charter holder. 

c. The SEC will monitor board meetings of all the Federal Reserve banks with a nonvoting auditor who will report to Congress within seven days.

d. With the sole exception of United States Treasury bills, the Federal Reserve Bank will not purchase any stock, bond, security, or similar financial instrument. It will not purchase mortgages. It will not borrow money from any source, public or private, without prior public hearings and congressional approval.

e. No United States money will be printed, no United States bonds will be issued, nor will any debt be assumed by the United States, without an Act of Congress to the precise dollar amount and the precise date to be printed, issued or assumed. Public hearings will be held in advance.  

f. The United States Treasury Department will subject the Federal Reserve Bank to all limitations, financial and otherwise, on the fund Congress allocates for it in the annual budget. No additional allocations will be made during the year. 

g. The Government Accountability Office will audit all conduct of the Federal Reserve Bank annually. The results will be released to the public by July 1st of each year.

h. Immediately upon passage, the House of Representatives will commence public hearings on the conduct of the Federal Reserve Bank and United States Treasury to determine the need for impeachment proceedings and/or further regulation. 

i. Congress will limit ranges of reserve requirements, bank interest rates, and traffic in bonds. On reaching those limits bank failures will be tolerated instead. 


The Government Accountability Act

SECTION 1.  
a. To bring the United States and every State into compliance with the Preamble of the Constitution of the United States, with Article II, §4’s Impeachment clause, with Article VI, with Amendment I’s Petition clause, and with Amendment XIV, §3’s Rebellion against the Constitution clause, an executive, judicial or legislative office empowered under the United States Constitution will be conducted in compliance with the Constitution and laws of the United States. 

b. Any person sworn or affirmed to the Constitution who incites, sets on foot, assists, or engages in any rebellion or insurrection against the Constitution of the United States or the laws thereof, or gives aid or comfort thereto, will forfeit eligibility to hold and enjoy any office of  honor, trust or profit under the United States and will remain liable and subject to civil or criminal prosecution. 

c. To bring the United States and every State into compliance with the Preamble’s We the People clause neither sovereignty, quasi-sovereignty, reliance on legal counsel nor reliance on an order will override or reduce the accountability to the Constitution or to the United States Code of an executive, legislative or judicial officer sworn or affirmed to the Constitution.

d. An Act, rule, policy or practice of the United States or of any State, District, or territory that aids in violating the Constitution or in the dereliction of any duty expressed in it will be void in that application.

e. Neither the United States nor any State, District, or territory will commit, fund or authorize conduct by any person in any place that would fail to satisfy the United States Constitution if such conduct were done in the United States by an officer empowered under the United States Constitution.

f. Forfeiture of any United States office, not excluding Senator or Representative, for any reason will be done by the impeachment process.

g. An executive, judicial or legislative officer sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution who violates this Act will forfeit any office held, will be disqualified for any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States , will make restitution to the United States where applicable, will be civilly liable, and will be criminally liable as follows.

§2. 
A person who violates this Act will in addition to the provisions in Section 1 be punished by a term of not less than ten years in prison without possibility of parole for knowingly committing, causing or contributing to any of the following unless to enforce the Constitution: 

a. violating any United States law or treaty.

b. abridging or endangering the unity of the people or of the states.

c. abridging or endangering public safety or the general welfare.

d. abridging or endangering the people’s liberty or the liberty of future Americans. 

e. abridging or endangering the people’s right and power to ordain and establish government, or to access government.

§3. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with the Justice clause, an officer will in addition to the provisions in Section 1 will be punished by a term of not less than ten years in prison without possibility of parole for knowingly committing, causing or contributing to the establishment of injustice under color of any law. 

§4 .
A person who retires, resigns or is fired while under investigation, or subsequent to impeachment but before trial in the Senate, or during a Senate trial, will forfeit eligibility to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust or profit under the United States and will remain liable and subject to civil or criminal prosecution.

§5.  
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Article II, §5’s Secrecy clause and Amendment I’s Speech and Petition clauses, any person who renders anonymous to Congress or a United States court any violation of the United States Constitution or the United States Code committed, funded or authorized by the United States or by any State, District, or territory will be punishable for conspiring to commit the relevant action. If such anonymity obstructs any other prosecution, prosecution may proceed on this charge alone. 

§6. 
To bring the United States into compliance with Amendment I’s Petition clause, any person may file grievance petitions or tips concerning possible United States officer misconduct or inability with the House of Representatives, or with any United States office. 

§7. 
Referral of Allegations of Impeachable Conduct.

a. To bring the United States into compliance with Article I, §2’s Sole Power of Impeachment clause, no Act, rule, policy or practice will remove all or any part of the power or duty to investigate potentially impeachable conduct from the House of Representatives.

b. When any officer sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution, or any employee of the United States, obtains or becomes aware of evidence or information indicating that an executive, legislative or judicial officer sworn or affirmed to the Constitution may have engaged in conduct warranting impeachment, or that any inability to perform the relevant office exists, regardless of action taken or in the course of other action that officer will immediately refer the information, petition or tip, with copies of all accompanying papers, evidence and documentation, and a record of any associated proceedings, to the House of Representatives.

§8.
Referral of Allegations of Criminal Conduct. 

a. When any officer sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution, or any employee of the United States, obtains or becomes aware of evidence or information indicating that an executive, legislative or judicial officer sworn or affirmed to the Constitution may have engaged in conduct warranting criminal investigation, that officer will immediately refer the information, petition or tip, with all accompanying papers, evidence and documentation, and a record of any associated proceedings, to the United States Attorney of the district where the conduct occurred, and will in addition file a petition with the House of Representatives. No investigative or enforcement procedure will prevent any law enforcement agency’s acting on information or evidence of violations of the United States Code or the United States Constitution.

b. On request of either House of Congress, the United States Attorney will provide copies of information, papers, and documentation within forty-five days. Should the subject be a member of Congress, the Attorney General will notify the House Committee on Oversight, and copies of information, papers and documentation may be withheld pursuant to investigation.

§9. 
Procedures will be established within one year of passage of this Act.

a. Initial review and preliminary investigation.
The House Committee on Oversight will read petitions with due care within sixty days and will open an investigation into possibly impeachable conduct within ninety days of receipt unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any violation, except those involving possible treason, for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest. within one hundred and twenty days of receipt. Preliminary Committee investigations will take no longer than ninety days, at which time the Committee will report its findings to the full House. 

b. Criminal Referral.
Any evidence of criminal conduct will be immediately referred to relevant law enforcement, with all accompanying papers, evidence, and documentation. The House will retain copies for its impeachment investigation. 

c. Specialized Referral.
Under the supervision of the House of Representatives, specialized investigatory offices or departments may conduct preliminary investigations concerning matters under their jurisdiction. Possible officer misconduct or inability will be immediately reported to the House Committee on Oversight. 

d. Other Referral.
The House may refer grievance petitions or tips that appear unlikely to concern impeachable conduct to other investigative offices.

e. To remain within Article I, §5’s Expulsion clause, possible minor misconduct, to the level of disorderly conduct, by members of Congress will be investigated and addressed in the relevant House of Congress.

f. Any grievance or tip finally addressed by any extracongressional procedure, or otherwise disposed of during its course, is subject to review by Congress for evidence of possibly impeachable conduct. 

g. The House Committee on Oversight will maintain a public list of investigations of possible United States officer misconduct or inability, redacting the names of persons or entities; and of civil and criminal investigations of possible United States officer misconduct by state or local law enforcement or any office under the Attorney General’s jurisdiction. The list will be updated every ninety days.

h. Review on Request.
The House will, on any individual’s request, review any grievance or tip finally addressed by any extracongressional procedure, or otherwise disposed of during its course, for evidence of possibly impeachable conduct.

i. Oversight.
The House will, on any individual’s request, review any grievance or tip finally addressed by any extracongressional procedure, or otherwise disposed of during its course, for evidence of possibly impeachable conduct in its investigation or address.

§10.                                                                                                                              
Prohibition of Unnecessary Delay.

a. No congressional or extracongressional procedure will delay or prevent impeachment.

b. When a person sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution has been charged with any tort or crime, if the House of Representatives fails to conduct an impeachment investigation within ninety days the Speaker of the House will be subject to Section 1 punishment.

c. When a person has been impeached, if the Senate fails to conduct a trial within ninety days, the President of the Senate and the President Pro Tem of the Senate will be subject to Section 1 punishment.

§11. 
This Section supplements and does not replace the other Sections of this Act. This Act amends The Judicial Improvements Act of 2002, 28 USC 351 et seq., formerly The Judicial Conduct and Disability Act of 1980, 28 USC 372(c). This Act does not reduce liability under The Judicial Improvements Act of 2002 for any conduct not addressed in this Act. This Act repeals and supersedes any provisions of The Judicial Improvements Act of 2002 that regard the following:

a. Standards for good behavior.
A United States judicial officer will in addition to the provisions in Section 1 be punished by a term of not less than one year or greater than twenty years, for, subsequent to swearing or affirming the oath of office, knowingly committing, causing or contributing to any of the following, or ruling lawful any conduct that knowingly commits, causes or contributes to any of the following:

  1. violating any state or local law, or any rule of procedure, unless to enforce the Constitution or United States law.
  2. significant mismanagement, waste of funds, or abuse of authority.
  3. honoring any status, right, privilege, immunity, or obligation established by a decision of a court if that establishment used any text that no judicial officer of that court intentionally included in that decision.
  4. violating any provision of the Code of Conduct for United States Judges that does not conflict with the Constitution or this Act.
  5. trading votes in cases judged by panel or voting for any other reason except being persuaded that so voting resolves the instant case lawfully and well.
  6. failing to personally read or evaluate any case including cases applying for certiorari.

b. All United States judicial officers, not excluding Justices of the Supreme Court, will be subject to the same rules of conduct. In addition, to bring the United States Supreme Court into compliance with Article III, § 2’s Judicial Power clause and with Amendment I’s Petition clause, the Supreme Court will:

  1. address any petition that arises under the Constitution, United States law, or United States treaties unless expressly excepted in the Constitution. 
  2. take as controversies, without a proximate victim, claims that government action may have amended the Constitution without the Article V process.

c. No judicial officer will be afforded lenience that would not be afforded to a person who is not a judicial officer. 

d. Congressional procedures for investigation of judicial officers will be the same as for any officer sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution.

e. Referral.
The House of Representatives may refer grievance petitions or tips about judicial officers that appear unlikely to concern impeachable conduct to the relevant Circuit or to the Judicial Conference of the United States for further investigation. Any grievance or tip finally addressed by any extracongressional procedure, or otherwise disposed of during its course, is subject to review by Congress for evidence of possibly impeachable conduct.

f. Investigative procedure. 
When the House refers a grievance or tip to the relevant Circuit or to the Judicial Conference of the United States for further investigation the following three changes will be made to existing investigative procedure.

   1. Both the judicial officer whose conduct is the subject of a complaint under this chapter and the complainant will, if feasible, be afforded an opportunity to appear (in person or by counsel) at proceedings conducted by the investigating panel, to present oral and documentary evidence, to compel the attendance of witnesses or the production of documents, to cross-examine witnesses, and to present argument orally or in writing.

   2. The judicial council of the circuit will release a copy of a report of a special investigative committee under section 353(c) to the person whose information, grievance petition or tip initiated the investigation by that special committee and to the judicial officer whose conduct is the subject of the complaint.

   3. A complainant, a chief judge, the judicial council of the circuit, the Judicial Conference of the United States, or the Senate or the House of Representatives by resolution, will release any material requested to an impeachment investigation, criminal investigation or trial of a judicial officer under Article I of the Constitution.

g. Rules.
Rules implementing this Act in any procedure investigating or addressing conduct by judicial officers, and any instructional or other materials pertaining to this Act provided to any person in consequence of it, will state 

   1. that any grievance finally addressed by any procedure investigating or addressing conduct by judicial officers or otherwise disposed of during its course is subject to review by Congress;

   2. that any person may petition the House of Representatives directly at any time with evidence of possibly impeachable conduct;

   3. that no investigative procedure will prevent any law enforcement agency’s acting on evidence provided to them by any person; and

   4. that no congressional or extracongressional procedure will prevent impeachment.

§12. Definitions. 
a. For the purpose of this Act rebellion against the Constitution will be defined as an act by or including any person sworn or affirmed to support the United States Constitution that knowingly:

 
   1. fails to carry out a constitutional mandate; or
   2. reduces or defeats the ability of a United States office to carry out a constitutional mandate; or
   3.reduces or defeats the ability of a United States office to carry out a Preambular purpose.

b. For the purpose of this Act, the establishment of injustice will be defined as any of the following:

   1. knowingly raising or lowering any person or property from their just condition in each situation. A just condition will be defined as having a basis in or conforming to any of the following:
      i. fact or reason.
      ii. what is merited or deserved for or from a given person in each situation.
      iii. any constitutional and lawfully ordained or established law or regulation or rule.
   2. bribery.
   3. abridgment or denial of any person’s rights, liberties, powers, privileges or immunities by an act of United States, state or local government that is not made in writing AND passed by an elected legislature AND signed by an executive AND available to the public AND subject to judicial review AND subject to legislative repeal or amendment.
   4. fraud against a United States office.
   5. political fraud, coercion, or conflict of interest.
  6. making to the public, or to a paying audience for a public purpose, any false or misleading statement involving actual or proposed acts of the United States or of any State.
   7. accepting or soliciting any private money, present, benefit or promise. A benefit will include but not be limited to assistance with the exercise of an office.

c. For the purpose of this Act fraud against a United States office will be defined as a knowing fraud by or including any officer of the United States, directed at any office of the United States, that in fact deceives any officer of the United States. 

d. For the purpose of this Act lobbying will be defined as any compensated private conduct that is reasonably likely to influence a legislator or legislators regarding a bill or bills, or that is reasonably likely to be intended to exert such influence. No minimum amount of lobbying will be required to define a lobbyist.

§13. 
a. In accordance with Article I, §6, speech and debate may be impeachable violations of this Act, or may provide evidence in impeachments.

b. To comply with Article I, §6, speech or debate, defined as words spoken on the floor of a House of Congress except for the text of any act of government, will be excluded from the criminal act of fraud against a United States office but will be included in the impeachable act of fraud against a United States office. 

§14.
This Act will supplement and will not repeal or amend existing law except where such law conflicts with this Act or reduces its applicability or enforceability.

§15. 
There will be no statute of limitations for prosecuting violations of this Act.   

§16. 
No provision in this Act will prevent any civil or criminal prosecution or will prejudice any person’s right to other legal action. No proximate victim will be required to enforce this Act, but damages will not be awarded for violations without a proximate victim.



The Integrity in Broadcast Licensing and Regulation Act 

Any officer of the United States or of any State, not excluding legislators, who employs any unfair practice in licensing, regulating, or enforcing regulation of any broadcast outlet will be fined not less than $50,000 and imprisoned for not less than five years. They may in addition forfeit offices held.


The Lender of Last Resort Act

SECTION 1. 
To hold a charter that allows a bailout by the Federal Reserve, an institution must agree to the following terms in addition to existing terms:

a. A charter holder in imminent danger of a run will publicly announce its total bailout need.


b. When need has been announced, if need is greater than 50% of the bailee’s total deposits and assets the charter holder will be liquidated and divided evenly among all other charter holders.
   

   1. Each charter holder will take on equal amounts of the bailee’s debt and of its deposits.
  2. No charter holder will be reimbursed in any way by the Federal Reserve, by the United States or by its depositors for assuming such debt.
   3. Remaining debt after all deposits have been divided will be assumed by the Federal Reserve Bank.

c. When need has been announced, if need is less than 50% of the bailee’s total deposits and assets, its debt will be divided by the number of charter holders, and each charter holder will accept a portion of the bailee’s debt and the same portion of the bailee’s deposits.

d. No charter holder will be reimbursed in any way by the Federal Reserve, by the United States or by its depositors for assuming such debt.

e. The bailee will operate under executive austerity for ten years. All top-level executives will lose all bonuses and 20% of pay, and no new raises, bonuses or benefits will accrue. Executive staffing will be frozen during investigation. After investigation, such executives will continue this austerity in any employment in any charter holder during the austerity period. Austerity will maintain regardless of any prison sentences.

f. Congress, the SEC and the FBI will independently investigate the bailee’s practices.

g. Any charter holder that had announced to Congress and to the public its knowledge of risky practices by the bailee not less than two quarters prior to the bailout will have the option of not taking part in the bailout.

h. Any charter holder that upon investigation knew of illegal practices but did not report them within one quarter will be guilty of criminal conspiracy.

§2. 
Nothing in this Act will reduce other penalties.


The Peaceful Protest Safeguard Act

SECTION 1. 
Any person who escalates, interferes with, or maliciously infiltrates a peaceful protest will be fined not less than $1,000.00 or subject to not less than one year’s incarceration, or both. Any government officer who is found guilty of escalating, interfering with or maliciously infiltrating a peaceful protest may in addition forfeit offices held.

§2.
Any government officer who orders escalatory force, provocation or malicious infiltration against a peaceful protest will be fined not less than $10,000.00 or subject to not less than five years’ incarceration, or both, and will in addition  forfeit offices held.


The Public & Impartial Primaries Act

52 USC 30101, secs 1 & 16 now read:  
(1) The term “election” means a general, special, primary or runoff election. 
(16) The term “political party” means a political association, committee, or organization. 


The Public Justice Act 

SECTION 1. 
To bring the United States into compliance with Article III’s Judicial Power clause, a United States Act or its equivalent by any name that affects any person’s rights, powers, privileges, or immunities will be adjudicated by the United States judiciary except when cited in suits commenced or prosecuted against a State by citizens of another State or by citizens or subjects of any foreign State, and excepting United States military or militias when subject to military discipline. No court will exist in the executive or legislative branch or anywhere outside of the judiciary. No private court, arbitrator or other private actor or actors will adjudicate any case arising under the United States Constitution, United States or State law, or State constitutions.

§2. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Article III’s Judicial Powers clause and with Article I, §5’s Secrecy clause, secrecy will be determined on a case-by-case basis by Congress. No secret court will exist in the United States or under its jurisdiction. Open investigations of crimes or torts will be publicly reported at least annually, but such reports will omit any name or identifying characteristic of any suspect or victim.     

§3. 
a. To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Amendment I’s Petition clause and with Amendments III and IV, government action will not have the privilege of secrecy except (1) as would inform an enemy of strategy in a declared war, or (2) as would compromise an open criminal investigation. Congress will vote on (1) or (2). With these exceptions, neither the United States nor any State will oblige any person to secrecy. 

b. The existence of secrecy will not itself be secret. Secrecy obliged by the United States or any State will be subject to judicial review at the request of the obliged party. 

c. No public or private act or agreement will keep potentially criminal or tortious conduct secret. Relevant sections of existing acts or agreements that do so are hereby void as violations of Amendment I’s Speech clause.

§4. 
To bring the United States into compliance with Article III’s Judicial Powers clause and with Article I, §5’s Secrecy clause, the FISC is hereby disbanded and its records will be made public within thirty days of passage of this Act.

§5.
This Act will take effect immediately upon passage. Any violation of this Act will be punishable by not less than one year or more than ten years in prison. Any person sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution who violates this Act will in addition forfeit offices held. 


The Public Petition Act 

SECTION 1.  
To preserve the inalienable right of self-governance and to comply with the Justice clause and Amendment I’s Petition clause, all congressional committees will provide direct access to all United States residents. No third party will be required to access any member of Congress on matters relevant to a committee on which that member sits, regardless of state or district. 

§2. 
Any person may also petition their Representative or Senators to redress a grievance with a statute. Should the statute involve a committee that member will bring the grievance to the committee.

§3. 
Procedures will be established within one year of passage of this Act, to include at least:

a. a period of time for public comment.

b. a period of time within which the relevant committee will review a petition.

c. standards for accepting or rejecting a petition.

d. procedures for addressing petitions.

e. a webpage for public petitions. The webpage will include:
   

   1. instructions for petitioning Congress;
   2. a petition form; 
   3. a clear, comprehensible and cross-referenced list of topic headings for the public’s use;
   4. a list of current petitions by topic;
   5. a way for other members of the public to indicate support for or opposition to the petition.
   6. standards for accepting or rejecting a petition.
   7. Congress’ procedures for addressing petitions.
   8. tracking of petitions’ progress.

f.      A petition form will include:

   1. Space for the problem the petitioner wants Congress to address.
   2. Space for the general rule: State the main solution you want a law to enact.
   3. Space for any exceptions: Describe any persons or things to which the main solution does not apply.
  4. Space for any special rules: Describe any persons or things to which the main solution applies in a different way or for which there is a different message.
   5. Standards for accepting or rejecting a petition.
   6. Information on where the petition will be posted.
   7. Congress’ procedure for addressing petitions. 

§4.
On receiving a physical or online petition, the member will briefly review it. 

a. Any petition that indicates a need for law enforcement will be referred to the Attorney General.

b. Any petition that is unclear will be returned to the petitioner with a request for clarification.

c. Any petition regarding possible impeachable conduct will be referred to the House Committee on Oversight.

d. All other petitions will be added to the list of public petitions in the order received. 

§5.
Review on Request. Either House will, on any individual’s request, review any petition rejected, addressed without passage of a statute, or otherwise disposed of during its course.


The Separation of Powers Act 

SECTION 1. 
To bring the United States into compliance with Article I, §1’s Legislative Powers clause and with Article I, §8’s Necessary and Proper clause, the Article I legislative process will establish all United States executive and judicial rules. 

§2. 
An act of government that can affect any person’s rights, liberties, powers, privileges or immunities is a law and will be made in writing, passed by an elected legislature, signed by an executive, available to the public, and subject to judicial review and to legislative repeal.

§3. 
Officers appointed or hired without the advice and consent of the Senate will have no authority to judge any case or controversy.

§4. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with the Preamble and with Article VI’s Supremacy clause, Amendments IX and X will not be presumed to limit the full incorporation of the Constitution. Unless the Constitution expresses that a given clause applies only to Congress or to the States, all clauses will apply to both.

§5.
Existing United States or State government actions that violate this Act are void as violating the above clauses. The House will investigate allegations within ninety days unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any violation, except those involving possible treason, for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest. 


The Support the Constitution Act 

SECTION 1. 
All passed and ratified constitutional text has equal legal force unless repealed by Article V amendment. 

§2. 
To bring the United States and every State into compliance with Amendment XIV, §3’s Rebellion against the Constitution clause, a person sworn or affirmed to support this Constitution will petition Congress or the Supreme Court to support its legal force against any Act, decision, rule, or other government action. While a petition is under review all persons will comply with the government action in question, but if constitutional text is found to have been invalidly amended any state or United States action based on it will be void.

§3. 
a. No provision of this Act may be used to penalize support for, opposition to, or criticism of any bill, statute, rule, order, executive act, judicial ruling, or any other government action; or of any government officer, party, institution or ideology.

b. No provision of this Act may be used to penalize any lawsuit, electoral conduct, Article V amendment, or revolution under the terms of the Preamble. 

c. No provision of this Act may be used to penalize participation in a strike, or asserting the right to strike, against the government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia, unless such strike violates the Constitution of the United States.

§4.                                                                                        
Amendments.
a. Section 7311 of Title 5, and Section 1918 of Title 18 of the US Code are hereby titled: Treason, or disloyalty to the Constitution, and asserting the right to strike against the Government unless to enforce the Constitution or United States law. 

An individual may not accept or hold a position in the government of the United States or the government of the District of Columbia if he – 
   1. commits an act of treason against the United States;
   2. violates Article XIV, § 3 of the Constitution of the United States.

b. Whoever violates provision (1) or (2) of section 7311 of title 5 of this Chapter shall be fined under this title or imprisoned for any term of years, or for life, or both.

c. Subsection (i)(4) of Section 3161 of Title 5 of the US Code reads in its entirety:

A person providing volunteer services accepted under this subsection shall be considered an employee of the Federal Government in the performance of those services for the purposes of the law.

d. Subsection (a)(3) of Section 7103 of Title 5 of the US Code reads in its entirety:

“agency” means an Executive agency (including a nonappropriated fund instrumentality described in section 2105(c) of this Title and the Veterans’ Canteen Service, Department of Veterans’ Affairs), the Library of Congress, the Government Publishing Office, and the Smithsonian Institution. Any law or Executive action that makes any kind or degree of exception in the future will be held to violate the Equal Protections clause of Amendment XIV, section 1 of the United States Constitution. 

e. Subsection (f)(1) of Section 7104 of Title 5 of the US Code reads in its entirety:

The General Counsel of the Authority shall be appointed by the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a term of 5 years. The General Counsel is subject to impeachment; and to removal by the President only upon notice and hearing and only for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or malfeasance in office. The General Counsel shall hold no other office or position in the Government of the United States except as provided by law.

f. Subsection (b) of Section 7532 of Title 5 of the US Code reads in its entirety:

Subject to subsection (c) of this section, the head of an agency may remove an employee suspended under subsection (a) of this section when, after such investigation and review as he considers necessary, he determines that removal is necessary or advisable in the interests of national security. The determination of the head of the agency is subject to judicial review.


The Truth and Accuracy Act

SECTION 1. 
False or misleading content in statements to the public, or to a paying audience for a public purpose, involving actual or proposed acts of the United States or of any State, will be punished as criminal fraud against the United States. 

§2. 
No proximate victim will be required to enforce this Act. Damages will not be awarded for violations without a proximate victim.


The War Powers Restoration Act 

SECTION 1.  
To bring the United States into compliance with Article I, §8’s War Powers clause, neither the United States nor any State will commit, fund or authorize an act of war without a Congressional declaration of war, except that States may act in accordance with Article I, §10’s Invasion or Imminent Danger clause. An act of war by the United States will be defined as the use of force committed, funded or authorized by the United States against foreign nationals, territory, property, or government function, or against treason. No act committed, funded or authorized by the United States or any State will interfere with another nation’s elections or political process, or will act to overthrow or undermine any government at peace with the United States. Civilians will not be targeted. Except when under armed attack, the United States will exhaust available judicial, diplomatic and trade remedies before declaring war. 

§2. 
The status of an enemy of the United States will be determined by the use of force or crime against the United States, resulting in deaths or in damage to any United States or State function, that is committed, funded or authorized by a foreign nation. Terrorism will be criminally prosecuted.

§3. 
Treason will be criminally prosecuted, not treated as an act of war, except that force endangering the public safety may be quelled with force. The definition of aid and comfort will exclude any service required by the Constitution, United States law or treaties.


The Whistleblower Protection and National Security Act

SECTION 1. 
Congress will be informed of all action conducted, funded or authorized by the United States. No Executive order, ruling, policy, form, agreement, or other public or private act will abridge or deny Congress’ constitutional obligation to the people to remain informed of all action conducted, funded or authorized by the United States. Only United States law voted in compliance with the Secrecy clause in article I, §5 of the Constitution will be used to prohibit specific disclosure to Congress or the people, and except during a war declared by Congress (article I, §8), disclosure will be to the full Congress, not excluding disclosure involving intelligence, the national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs.

a. During a war, defined as a war declared by Congress (article I, §8), disclosure of information involving intelligence, the national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs can be limited to the relevant committees for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest. 

b. Any person who defies a congressional subpoena that fulfills the above conditions will be in contempt of Congress and can be subject to a daily fine or imprisonment until compliance, to be determined by Congress. Any person sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution who defies a congressional subpoena that fulfills the above conditions will in addition forfeit offices held.

§2. 
No person will be penalized for disclosing crime, waste, fraud, or inefficiency by government.

§3.  
Any false reference or authorization of false reference to the national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs to prevent disclosure to Congress or the people of any crime, mismanagement, waste of funds, abuse of authority, or substantial and specific danger to public health or safety, will be punished as criminal fraud against the United States. Any person sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution who falsely uses reference to the national defense or the conduct of foreign affairs to prevent disclosure to Congress or the people of any crime, mismanagement, waste of funds, abuse of authority, or substantial and specific danger to public health or safety, or who authorizes such false reference, will in addition forfeit offices held and eligibility for future office.

§4.
The House will investigate within ninety days unless Congress has declared war. In time of war, the House may delay investigation of any allegation not involving possible treason, for a period not longer than one fiscal year or until the war ends, whichever is soonest.



State Bills


The Campaign Duration Act 

In this State, candidacy for a state or United States office will be announced no sooner than nine months before the general vote. Campaigning and fundraising will commence no longer than nine months before the general vote, and no longer than three months before primary votes. 


The Impartial Elections Act

SECTION 1. 
a. To bring this State’s United States primary and general elections into compliance with the United States Constitution’s We the People clause, the Justice clause, Article I, §2’s Chosen by the People clause, Article II, §1’s Appointment of Electors clause, Article IV, §4’s Guarantee clause, Amendment XIV’s Equal Protection and Right to Vote clauses, Amendment XVII’s Elected by the People clause and Amendment XXIV’s Primaries clause, they will be held impartially by this State, will be open to all voters, will equally accommodate all candidates including independent and write-in candidates, and in no statute, rule or practice will discriminate on the basis of interest or membership in an interest group, coalition, or political party.

b. Candidates will qualify for ballot lines by petition signed by a number of eligible voters in accordance with the laws of this State. An interest group, coalition, or political party may endorse candidates but will not nominate candidates. Ballots will provide a blank line for writing in a selection for each office in contention, including for each Electoral College elector. No candidate will hold more than one ballot line.

§2. 
a. This State’s Electoral College Electors for President and Vice President of the United States will be nominated during the United States congressional primary elections, and elected during the United States congressional general elections. To bring this State into compliance with Amendment XIV’s Right to Vote clause Electoral College electors will not be obliged to vote for a party or candidate. Ballots will list each candidate, state the state’s number of electors, and instruct voters to select that number from the candidates listed or write in their selections. 

b. In compliance with the above Articles and Amendments this State’s ballot lines for United States offices will be determined by nomination at primary elections held during the congressional primary elections. This State’s eligible voters may state preferences for the offices of President and Vice President separately during the United States congressional primary and general elections. 

§3.
a. Voting is a discretionary act.

b. This State will enforce the right of a citizen eighteen years of age to vote, not to vote, or to abstain regarding any office in United States or State elections, or any proposal in State elections.

§4.
a. To bring United States primary and general elections into compliance with Article 4, §4’s Guarantee clause and Amendment I’s Petition clause, this State will guarantee safe, public, competitive, efficient and accurate elections. Any form of immunity is waived.

b. Abuse of any position in electoral process for any purpose, by a holder of state or local office, a staffer, an employee or a private contractor for any part of electoral process, will be punishable by up to ten years in prison, in addition to any penalties for related charges. No form of immunity will affect civil or criminal liability. In addition, any person sworn or affirmed to the Constitution will forfeit the office.


The Reducing Immunity by Reducing Discretion Act 

SECTION 1. 
All state officers are sworn or affirmed to the United States Constitution. They are subject to impeachment in Congress as a last resort. In states whose people have the power of recall for elected officers, recall may be used when any elected officer fails to investigate or prosecute. 

§2. 
When a state officer is accused of a crime the State Attorney General will investigate. If evidence is found that could support a conviction but state investigation or prosecution does not take place or knowingly establishes injustice, this will be referred to the United States House of Representatives.

§3. 
Retirement, resignation, or firing will not excuse any person from investigation, impeachment, or prosecution. 

§4. 
Any policy failure will subject an office to a higher authority. 

§5.
An affected person can petition the House of Representatives for an impeachment investigation.


The State Truth and Accuracy Act 

SECTION 1. 
False or misleading content in statements to the public, or to a paying audience for a public purpose, involving actual or proposed acts of the United States or of any State, will be punished as criminal fraud against the United States. 

§2. 
No proximate victim will be required to enforce this Act. Damages will not be awarded for violations without a proximate victim.


The State Government Accountability and Staffing Act

SECTION 1. 
No State officer of any branch will accept or solicit any private money, present, benefit or promise. A benefit will include but not be limited to assistance with the exercise of an office. 

§2. 
Political fraud, coercion, bribery or any form of public corruption will be punishable by up to ten years in prison. No immunity will affect civil or criminal liability. In addition, an officer who knowingly benefits from political fraud, coercion or bribery will forfeit the office. 

§3. 
a. To preserve the inalienable right of self-governance and to comply with the United States Constitution’s Justice clause and its Amendment I’s Petition clause, no third party will be required to access any legislator on matters relevant to a committee or subcommittee on which that member sits, regardless of state or district.

b. Lobbying will be defined as any compensated private conduct that is reasonably likely to influence a legislator or legislators regarding a bill or bills, or that is reasonably likely to be intended to exert such influence. No minimum amount of lobbying will be required to define a lobbyist. 

§4. 
Legislative staffers will be chosen by merit in a nonpartisan competitive process [and may unionize]. Legislative staffers will convey all matters raised by the public to the member under whom they serve.

§5. 
This Act will not repeal any existing corruption statute.



 


Proposed Twenty-Eighth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States

 
Resolved, by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America  assembled in Congress with two-thirds of each House in agreement, that the following Article is proposed as the Twenty-eighth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, which will be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the Constitution when ratified by three-fourths of the several States within two years, by conventions of delegates nominated by popular petition and elected by popular ballot. 


Article XXVIII

 
Section 1.
 
The jurisdiction of this Constitution will extend to any decision made or action taken under its authority. A right or power vested by this Constitution will remain in the branch and level of government where it has been vested, except where expressed. All text in this Constitution will have equal force unless repealed by Article V amendment, and except where expressed will apply both to the United States and to the several States. An act of government that can affect any person’s rights, liberties, powers, privileges or immunities will be made in writing, available to the public, passed by an elective legislature, signed by an elective executive, and subject to judicial review and to legislative amendment or repeal. No person’s access to government will be abridged or denied.

A person who will conduct the people’s business will be sworn or affirmed to this Constitution as an officer of the United States. Government will be conducted in public view. Titles and descriptions of acts of government will be accurate. Bribery by an officer will include accepting or soliciting any private money, present, benefit or promise, or benefitting from political fraud or coercion. Appointed officers will be impeached for bribery, treason, high crimes or misdemeanors, rebellion or insurrection against this Constitution, or inefficiency.

No State will make any law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances. 


Section 2.

Representatives will be apportioned among the States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in and dividing by the same ratio for each State. The ratio will not apportion more than one Representative for thirty thousand people, or fewer than two in the least populous state. Representatives will be apportioned within each State by the whole number of persons in each district, using the same ratio for each district, and using geography and economic level as factors. Dual citizens of Native nations will be counted but not taxed.

When either House has too few Members able to attend to reach quorum, the executives of affected States will issue writs of election to fill those vacancies.  But when less than three months remain in the term or when the President declares a state of emergency, a State’s legislature may empower its executive to make temporary appointments before issuing writs of election; when that office is vacant, that legislature will have power to make temporary appointments before issuing writs of election; when a State’s legislature also falls below possible quorum, its executive will have power to make temporary appointments to Congress before issuing writs of election, but if that office is also vacant a write-in election will take place. When writs do not issue promptly, a State may petition its legislature for an election. 


Section 3.

The United States will guarantee to every State fairly contested and impartially conducted primary and general elections, monitored and audited. The United States and every State will enforce without abridgment or denial the right of a United States citizen who has attained eighteen years of age to vote, not to vote, or to abstain regarding any office in United States or State elections, or any proposal in State elections. Congress will annually appropriate between one hundredth’s-part and five hundredths’-parts of one percent of gross domestic product for all campaigns for United States office, and no other funds will be used. Campaigns will commence no earlier than nine months before the general election. 


Section 4.

The qualified electors of the several States will elect an Attorney General to the judiciary for at most two terms of four years each to prosecute violations of this Constitution, United States law and treaties, and to provide defense or victim counsel at need. The President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, will appoint the heads of departments under the Attorney General. The executive power will extend to defending the United States in criminal or civil cases. The President, with the advice and consent of the Senate, will appoint the head of this department. 

United States citizenship will be retained in space. A person charged in any state or in the United States with treason, felony, or other crime, who shall flee from justice, and be found in another State or in any possession of the United States, or in space, shall on demand of the executive authority of the State from which that person fled, or on demand of the President, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having jurisdiction of the crime, or to the United States should the United States have jurisdiction of the crime.   

 

[End of Amendment. End of Resolution. May not be added to, subtracted from, or altered.]